32. Is Religion a force for evil or good?


This session focuses on why people believe religion may be a force for evil or a force for good. It asks students to assess the views of Richard Dawkins, Fydor Dostoyevsky, Christopher Hitchens and Tony Blair. It also encourages students to have their own debate and cast a vote on this session’s question.


Explain to students that Richard Dawkins is an important scientist and atheist who believes that the world would be better off without religion. Show them the clip of Dawkins explaining why ‘faith’ makes him angry: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m10ebWGP3LY 

Afterwards, ask students to say whether they agree or disagree with Dawkins’ points.


Quote Comparison task. Provide the students with these quotes:

‘With or without religion, good people can behave well and bad people can do evil; but for good people to do evil — that takes religion.’ Steve Weinberg – Physicist.

‘Without God everything is permitted’. Fyodor Dostoevsky – Russian writer.

Ask students to respond to these questions:

  • Which quote suggests religion is a force for evil and which quote suggests a religion is a force for good? Expand what you think Weinberg and Dostoevsky were arguing.
  • Do you think Weinberg and Dostoevsky could agree about some things?


Explain that there have been many public debates about whether religion is a force for good or evil. Perhaps it depends on what is meant by ‘religion’.

Ask students to have their own debate either by splitting the class into two groups or putting students into pairs and one representing ‘Religion is a force for good’ and the other ‘Religion is a force for evil’. Encourage them to say what they mean by ‘religion’ in their arguments.


Ask students to cast a vote. Do they think that religion is a force for evil or for good? It may be that some students are in the middle or undecided. Give students time to reflect on why this may be.

1.  Happiness Part 1: status anxiety
2.  Happiness Part 2: religion and happiness
3.  Happiness Part 3: what is happiness?
4.  Morality Part 1: what is morality?
5.  Morality Part 2: should we live by ‘moral laws’?
6.  Morality Part 3: where does our sense of morality come from?
7.  Are You Religious?
8.  What Is a Religion and what is a Cult?
9.  What does it Mean to be Religious Today?
10. Religion in Numbers Part 1: how many people on Earth?
11. Religion in Numbers Part 2: how many people are ‘religious’?
12. Religion in Numbers Part 3: how did believers got to where they are?
13. Are All Religions Equal?
14. Transactional Analysis: learning how to feel equal
15. Bloom’s Taxonomy
16. Harry Potter and God
17. Without Fear or Favour Part 1
18. Without Fear or Favour Part 2
19. It’s Not Fair
20. Mind, Memory and Justice
21. Karma, Memory, Freedom and Justice
22. The Religion of Ordinary Life Part 1: Religion Without God
23. The Religion of Ordinary Life Part 2: God and Morality
24. The Religion of Ordinary Life Part 3: Is Life Beautiful?
25. Can Atheists learn anything from Religion?
26. What do Buddhists Believe about God?
27. Is Seeing Believing?
28. Are We Being Hypnotised?
29. Sex and Relationships
30. Truth, Proof and Evidence
31. How should we deal with the range of different opinions in today’s world?
32. Is Religion a Force for Evil or Good?
33. Do Religious Experiences Prove God?
34. What Is Evil?
35. God and Evil
36. Can we verify Religious Experiences?
37. How Spiritual are You?
38. What is Philosphy?
39. The Power of Words
40. Art and Beauty

A printable (pdf) version of this session can be found here

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